Depression

There are a number of ways we will help you if you suffer from this condition.

  • Communication activities

  • Spiritual activities

  • Cultural activities

  • Vocational pursuits

  • Development of work attitudes

  • Employment activities

  • Development of living skills

  • Health and wellness promotion

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Symptoms

Severe depression can cause a number of symptoms. Some of them affect your mood; some affect your body. Symptoms could be ongoing, too, or they may come and go.

Symptoms of depression may be perceived differently by men, women, and children.

Symptoms in Women

  • Mood, such as frustration, hostility, irritability, fear, restlessness.

  • Emotional well-being, like feeling hollow, miserable, helpless.

  • Actions, such as lack of interest, no longer taking joy in favourite sports, feeling exhausted quickly, thinking of suicide, drinking heavily, using drugs, engaging in high-risk activities

  • Sexual attraction, such as diminished sexual appetite, lack of sexual success

  • Cognitive capacity, such as failure to focus, difficulties performing assignments, slow reaction during conversations.

  • Sleep habits, such as fatigue, disturbed sleep, constant sleepiness, not sleeping through the night.

  • Physical well-being, such as exhaustion, pain, headache, digestive issues.

Symptoms in Men

  • Mood, like irritability

  • Emotional well-being, like feeling depressed or empty, nervous or helpless.

  • Conduct, such as lack of participation in hobbies, detachment from social responsibilities, thoughts of suicide

  • Cognitive skills, such as concentrating or saying more slowly

  • Sleep habits, such as trouble getting during the night, early awakening, too much sleeping.

  • Physical well-being, such as diminished stamina, increased exhaustion, changes in appetite, weight changes, aches, discomfort, headaches, increased cramping.

Depression in Children

Depression in childhood is different from the usual “blues”, and most children feel daily emotions. It does not necessarily mean they have depression if your child is sad. It is when the pain continues day after day that depression may be a concern. Signs of an issue can also be destructive behaviour that interferes with regular social interactions, interests, schoolwork, or family life.

Symptoms of depression may be perceived differently by men, women, and children.

Symptoms in Children

  • Moods, such as rage, irritability, mood swings, weeping

  • Emotional well-being, such as feelings of incompetence or depression, weeping, extreme disappointment.

  • Conduct, such as getting into school trouble or refusing to go to school, avoiding friends or siblings, death or suicide thoughts

  • Cognitive skills, such as difficulty focusing, decrease in performance at school, grade changes

  • Sleep habits, such as sleep difficulties or too much sleep,

  • Physical well-being, such as energy loss, digestive issues, appetite changes, weight loss or gain.

Lonely child Staring

Causes

There is no single source of depression. It can happen for a number of reasons, and it has several different causes.

For certain people, a life-threatening or traumatic event, such as bereavement, divorce, sickness, redundancy and job or money, can be the trigger.

Different triggers may also be combined to induce depression. For instance, you may feel low after becoming ill and then experiencing a traumatic incident, such as a bereavement that induces depression.

People also speak of a “downward spiral” of events leading to depression. For instance, if your relationship with your spouse breaks down, you may feel low, you may avoid visiting friends and family, and you might just start drinking more. All of this will make you feel bad and cause depression.

Most studies have also indicated that you are more likely to develop depression when you grow older. It is more prevalent in people living in challenging economic and social conditions.

Treatment for Depression

The type of medication that your doctor suggests will depend on the symptoms and how serious they are. You would need one or more of the following:

Medication

Antidepressant drugs, in combination with therapy, are beneficial for most people with depression. There are many different forms of antidepressants available. You might have to try a few kinds before you find the one that works best for you. You may need a combination of two.

Psychotherapy

Talking to a healthcare professional regularly about your depression and other problems will help treat your symptoms. Various approaches are available, including cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).

Hospital or in-house therapy- If your depression is serious enough for you to have difficulty taking care of yourself or might harm yourself or others, you might require treatment in a hospital or a rehabilitation facility.

Exercise

There is evidence that exercise can help with depression, which is one of the key therapies for moderate depression. You may be referred to a group workout class.